8 Principles of Montessori Education

In her analysis of Montessori education, University of Virginia Professor, Angeline S. Lillard, Ph.D. notes eight fundamental ideas central to Montessori education that in her words, help provide students with superior educational outcomes:

  1. Movement and cognition are closely intertwined; physical movement can enhance thinking and learning.
  2. Choice and perceived-control promote children’s concentration and contentment in the learning process.
  3. Personal interest enhances learning in a context where interests build on prior knowledge and the children’s own questions.
  4. Extrinsic rewards negatively impact long-term motivation and learning.
  5. Collaborative (child–child) arrangements are conducive to learning.
  6. Learning situated in and connected to meaningful contexts is more effective than learning in abstracted contexts.
  7. Sensitive and responsive (nurturing) teaching is associated with more optimal outcomes. (Multi-age classrooms where children stay with the same teacher and many of the same peers promote continuity and close relationships.)
  8. Order in the environment promotes and establishes mental order and is beneficial to the child.

More information about Montessori education:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQl-7Lmm4hE (Superwoman was already here)

www.montessori-science.org

www.amshq.org

 

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